Research & Publications

Author Guidelines

The overarching purpose of the Journal is to create a community of scholars and promote scholarship in the field of Rural Management. It does so by acting as a vehicle that promotes scholarship and disseminates knowledge. Anything rural is of interest; however, the Journal has an avowed bias towards matters of policy, institutions, organizations and practices. The journal publishes conceptual, empirical and review papers in the form of research articles, reports of research in progress, analyses of current and topical practice, policy issues relating to rural management, field notes, and book reviews.

The writing style should be such that it is addressed to an international audience. It would therefore be necessary that names of places, at least at the beginning, should be so provided that the reader is able to locate them in a national (country) and sub-national (region/ province/ state) context.

IJRM is a peer reviewed journal and follows the practice of double-blind reviews.


The Journal receives manuscripts only in electronic form

The research article should ideally be of about 8000 to 10,000 words. However, exceptions for longer manuscripts may be allowed for certain submissions reporting qualitative research or multiple method studies. The soft copy of the contribution to the Journal should be in the MS-Word format and sent as an email attachment to ijrm@irma.ac.in (alternative email: ijrm.editor@gmail.com). The cover page should carry the title of the article, the author(s)' name(s), institutional affiliation(s), address(es) (postal, e-mail and web), and phone and fax numbers. The first author would be treated as the corresponding author; all correspondence, including those of the proof of the article would be sent to her/ him.

The text should be unjustified (left-aligned) and double-spaced throughout, including the abstract, displayed quotations, endnotes, references and any other matter. Single spacing may be used for tables. Avoid photographs or drawings. Use figures only when it is absolutely necessary. All typed pages should have margins of at least 2.5 cm (1 inch) on all sides. All pages must be numbered. The second page should repeat the title and include an abstract of not more than 150 words; please avoid the names of authors in this page. The third page should repeat the title as a heading to the main body of the text. The main body of the text may be divided into sections with appropriate headings and subheadings. Please note that the headings and subheadings should be typed on a separate line. Do not number, indent or use bold or italic typeface for headings and subheadings. The author identifying information should not appear on any other page of the manuscript, except for the first (cover) page.

IJRM also publishes 'Book Review' (BR) and 'Notes from the Field'(NF). It should not be longer than 3000 words. The text of BR and NF must also follow the specifications suggested above for research article. An ideal article for this section should not include findings of any completed research study. It is aimed to be an account by the researcher/development practitioner of any important aspect of the field or community that excites him or her while being based in field. It has to be least technical in exposition and should attempt to bring out an important but mostly unreported aspect of field/fieldworker. A reflexive account of self and the field should also be acceptable for this section. An ideal submission for BR should be a review of any important book relevant to the field of rural management. Book Review could either be commissioned by the editors or accepted from willing contributors. The decision for BR and NF is not arrived through a process of external blind review but by the editors themselves. Book reviews must contain the name of the author and title/sub-title of the book reviewed, place of publication and publisher, date of publication, number of pages and price. Book reviewers must also provide their affiliation and designation and complete mailing address. Please use the following style.Stephen R. Covey, Principle-Centred Leadership. London: Simon and Schuster Ltd., 1992, 326 pp., $ 29.95

We prefer and encourage receiving manuscripts and further communications through email to ijrm@irma.ac.in (alternative email: ijrm.editor@gmail.com). You may, however, write snail mail to us: the Managing Editor, International Journal of Rural Management, IRMA Campus, Post Box – 60, Anand, PIN - 388001, India

  1. Limit the levels of heading within an article to two, or at most three. Avoid lengthy headings and do not number them. The printed style will distinguish their weighting adequately without recourse to an explicit structure such as 1.1.1.
  2. Notes should be numbered consecutively and presented at the end of the article on separate sheets of paper (and not at the foot of each page), typed in double space throughout, and with the heading 'Notes'. An acknowledgement or statement about the background of the article will be set as an unnumbered note before any other note. Notes should contain more than a mere reference.
  3. Use 'z' spelling instead of 's' spellings. This means that words ending with 'ise', 'isation', etc., 'will be spelt with 'z' (e.g., 'recognize', 'organize', 'civilize'). Use British spellings in all cases rather than American spellings (hence, 'programme' not 'program', 'labour' not 'labor', and 'centre' not 'center').
  4. Use single quote marks, reserving double quotation marks for quoted words within a quotation. The spellings of words in quotations should not be changed from the original. No quotation marks are required around longer passages (i.e., 45 words or more), which should be separated from the text.
  5. For readability, do not italicize too frequently. The test should be whether an average reader is familiar with the word. Underline any words to be set in italics. Avoid excessive italicisation for emphasis but use it for book and journal titles and foreign words, unless particular terms occur so frequently that they are better in upright (roman) type. Proper names in a foreign language should always be in roman. We also prefer to print common terms such as 'ibid.', 'status quo', and 'et al.' in roman.
  6. Please pay attention to consistency in the hyphenation of words. Do not alternate, for example, between 'psycho-social' and 'psychosocial', 'decision making' and 'decision-making'. (A distinction is, however, often made between noun and attributive adjective: for example: 'the middle class' but 'middle-class ethics'.)
  7. Use capitals sparingly and double-check the logical application of any distinctions you wish to make between specific and general use.
  8. Include a final stop in abbreviations (words shortened by omitting the end), such as p., vol., and ed., but not in contractions (words shortened by omitting the middle), such as Mr, Dr, edn and eds. No stops are needed between capitals: e.g., IRMA, EMBRASCON, AIDS. Short forms likely to be unfamiliar to some readers should be spelt out in full the first time they occur. Please avoid using 'i.e.' and 'e.g.' in the text but use them in the notes if you wish.
  9. Write numbers in figures (rather than words) for exact measurements and series of quantities, including percentages. In more general description, numbers below 10 should be spelt out in words. Use thousands, millions, billions, and not lakhs and crores.In the text use 'per cent'; in tables the symbol '%'. Write '0.8' rather than '.8', except for levels of probability. Use lower-case Italic for p (probability) and n (number). Use fuller forms for numbers and dates – e.g., 1980-88, and pp. 200-202
  10. Give specific dates in the form 22 November 1980. Decades should be referred to as 'the nineties'. Spell out 'the twentieth century', etc.
  11. Please refer to your own contribution as 'this article'. The style for cross-references to figures and tables should be 'as Figure 2 shows' or 'as Table 1 shows' and not 'as shown in the figure below' or 'as shown in the table above'.
  12. References should be embedded in the text in the anthropological style — for example '(Moon 1994)' or '(Moon 1994: 45)' (Note: Page numbers in the text are necessary only if the cited portion is a direct quote). Citations should be first alphabetical and then chronological—for example, '(Moon 1994; Sandee 1995, 1997; Zander 1993)'. More than one reference of the same date for one author should be cited as' (Moon 1994a, 1994b)'. All in-text citations must be in the list of References (to appear at the end of the article in an alphabetical form).Examples of the detailed style of referencing follow:
    1. Books: Korten, D. 1995. When Corporations Rule the World. San Francisco, CA: Berrett-Koehler.
    2. Edited Volumes: Spears, L. (ed.). 1996. Reflections on Leadership. New York: John Wiley.
    3. Articles from Edited Volumes: Moon, C. 1994. 'Changing Patterns of Business-Government Relations in South Korea', in A. MacIntyre (ed), Business and Government in Industrialising Asia, pp. 222-46. St. Leonards, NSW: Allen and Unwin.
    4. Articles from Journals:Parke, B., Y. Zeira and T. Hatem. 1996. 'International Joint Venture Managers', Journal of International Management, 2 (1): 1-29.
    5. (e)(Note: When referring to this work in text, 'et al.', in roman type, may be used in the interest of brevity—for example: 'Parke et al. 1996'. However, in the list of references, et al. must be replaced by the name of all the authors).
    6. Unpublished Works:Sandee, H. 1995. 'Innovations in Production', unpublished Ph.D. thesis. Amsterdam: Free University.
    7. Electronic copy of a journal article available by search:Bajaj. M. (2004,June15). Mobile Creches.URL http://www.indianngos.com/issue/education/interviews/mridulabajaj/fullinterview.htm/ (visited 2004 , June 21)
    8. Stand-alone document, no date: AGROTECH. Towards a mission extraordinary. Retrieved September 10, 2004, from http://www.agrotech.org/user/mission.htm/ References should comprise all the details shown in the foregoing examples.
  13. Please present each figure and table on a separate sheet of paper gathering them together at the end of the article. Distinguish between figures (diagrams) and tables (statistical material) and number them in separate sequences, i.e., 'Figure 8', and 'Table 8.'

    Please use short and crisp titles and headings in tables and figures. The units of measurement should be stated and the sources should be cited at the foot of the table. Notes relating to the table should be placed after the source. Lay out parallel tables in similar ways using similar wording, and check any totals or averages.

    Include a mention of each figure or table in the text itself (for example 'as shown in Figure 2'), as well as indicating in the margin where the figure or table should go ('Fig. 2 near here'). Ensure that all words, proper nouns, place names, etc., in the tables and figures are spelt in exactly the same way as they are in the text.

    If you have the facility to provide original figure artwork of sufficient quality to be reproduced in the journal, it will certainly be welcome. If the artworks you are providing are larger than the print area of the journal, please ensure that all details and text in the artworks are sufficiently large so that they remain legible when reduced to the actual printed size of the journal. Further, it is crucial that all text in the artworks corresponds to the text of the article in spelling and style. Please obtain permission to reproduce any figures or photographs that are not your own copyright. Similarly, permission may be required for quotations beyond the limits of 'fair dealing'.