Pre-conference Workshop ICMIAM, IRMA
12th December 2022
Asset Management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)
Development Management Institute (DMI)
Access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH) are essential for individual and societal health and well-being, and for maintaining the dignity of life. Several resolutions by the United Nations have recognized Safe WASH as a fundamental right for all. The world community has accepted access and availability of safe WASH as a global priority through international treaties such as the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and Sustainable Development Goals (SDG). SDG-6 obliges nations to ensure access to water and sanitation for all by 2030, with dedicated targets for water and sanitation. While SDG target 6.1 aims to achieve universal and equitable access to safe and affordable drinking water by 2030, SDG target 6.2 requires all nations to “achieve access to adequate and equitable sanitation and hygiene for all and end open defecation” by 2030.
For several decades, improving population access to safe drinking water and sanitation has been a policy and program priority in India. The Government of India’s (GoI) commitment towards safe sanitation for all is witnessed through programmes such as Central Rural Sanitation Programme (CRSP) in 1986, Total Sanitation Campaign in 1999, and Swachh Bharat Mission – Grameen (SBM-G) in 2014. Over 100 million toilets have been constructed across India, and 600 thousand villages have been declared ODF across 706 districts in India under the SBM-G phase one. Phase two of SBM-G also pays specific attention to cleanliness and hygiene. The GoI has shown a similar commitment towards providing its citizens with safe drinking water. In 1972, the GoI launched Accelerated Rural Water Supply Programme, later renamed as National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP) in 2009, a centrally sponsored scheme with fund sharing between the centre and the states. The primary objective of this programme was to “enable all households to have access to and use safe and adequate drinking water within premises to the extent possible”; by 2030, in line with SDG-6.
In 2019, the GoI launched Jal Jeevan Mission: Har Ghar Jal to ensure tap water supply to every rural household by 2024. The Har Ghar Jal programme aims to empower the community to plan, implement, and manage the operation and maintenance of piped water supply schemes at the local level, enabling a responsive and responsible leadership for the piped water supply programme. The NJJM targeted to provide tap connections to 19.35 crore rural households across India by 2024. According to the government data, the mission has provided 10.49 crore rural households with functional tap water connections, achieving 54.20% of its target. In its aim to ensure safe drinking water for all rural households, the NJJM has attained significant improvements since its inception. as indicated by available data, the proportion of rural households with tap water connections significantly increased from 17% in August 2019 to 54% in November 2022.
 accessed from: https://www.un.org/sustainabledevelopment/water-and-sanitation/ on 10th November 2022
 source: NATIONAL ANNUAL RURAL SANITATION SURVEY (NARSS) ROUND-3 (2019-20): National Report. accessed from: https://jalshakti-ddws.gov.in/sites/default/files/NARSS_Round_3_2019_20_Report.pdf on 10th November 2022
 source: JJM Note; accessed from: https://jalshakti-ddws.gov.in/sites/default/files/JJM_note.pdf on 10th November 2022
 Accessed from: https://ejalshakti.gov.in/jjmreport/JJMIndia.aspx, on 10th November 2022
The piped water supply system involves extensive, interdependent infrastructure, such as pipelines, water tanks, pumps, and other physical infrastructures. The sustainability of such a system may be affected by the system's reliability, robustness, and resilience. The assets of piped water supply are prone to experience extreme environmental conditions, ageing, and deterioration. In addition, the mismanagement of assets by various stakeholders may have an unpredictable and cascading effect on the system's sustainability.
Regular inspection, timely maintenance, and immediate repair are essential to sustain the service provision of the piped water supply programme. Therefore, all stakeholders must develop a comprehensive understanding of the necessity of asset management in the water supply programme, best practices, and the role of key stakeholders in managing assets in the water sector.
In this context, the Development Management Institute (DMI), Patna, proposes to conduct a half-day workshop on "Asset management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)" with the following objectives:
● To develop an understanding of asset management in the context of the Har Ghar Jal scheme
● To develop an understanding of the role and responsibilities of community-based civil society organizations in managing assets in the context of the Har Ghar Jal scheme, and
● To understand different mechanisms and processes available for managing piped water supply assets.
The workshop brings academia and practitioners to discuss diverse aspects of managing assets in the water sector, including but not limited to the systems, actors/ stakeholders, mechanisms, and technology use. The participants of the workshop may explore and develop a comprehensive understanding of different perspectives on managing assets of the piped water supply schemes in the rural context.
The workshop on 'Asset Management in Water, Sanitation, and Hygiene (WASH)' is scheduled on 12th December 2022. The workshop, consisting of four sessions, will start at 10:00 am and conclude at 01:30 pm. The details of the session can be seen in the section below:
Session 1: Keynote address by Mr Liby T. Johnson, Executive Director, Gram Vikas, on 'WASH asset management - learning from community-owned initiatives'
Mr Liby T. Johnson has a rich and diverse experience in the WASH domain. In this session, he'll share his experience in water supply asset management in the Har Ghar Jal Scheme context. As complex infrastructure gets built in the WASH domain through public investments, the experience and knowledge of Gram Vikas in orchestrating the institutional arrangements for sustainable management of the assets/infrastructure will be of interest to the participants.
Session 2: Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) for Behaviour Change Communication (BCC): Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI
The session will delve into BCC's importance in WASH asset management. In addition, the session would focus on using ICTs for BCC in communities for sustainable water supply and management of water supply assets. In addition, using a case from Bihar, the session will discuss the opportunities, challenges and limitations of using ICTs for BCC in the WASH domain.
Session 3: Asset Management Implementation in Har Ghar Jal scheme: Prof. Shankar Purbey, DMI
The session will discuss challenges in implementing asset management processes in piped water supply schemes in rural areas. The session will also focus on overcoming the identified challenges using the insights from Bihar fieldwork.
Session 4: Role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Har Ghar Jal implementation and management: Dr Umesh Desai, Director (WR) and CTO, Agha Khan Rural Support Programme (India) (AKRSP(I))
The role of civil societies becomes significant in providing technical support during the development of the Village Action Plan (VAP) while also building the capacity of the communities to address various management issues identified during the process. AKRSPI has been working with communities at the grassroots to promote and sustain quality water delivery in rural areas. Hence, their experience sharing would help understand the water supply scheme's field-level challenges and asset management aspects.
|10.00 am - 10.15 am
||Dr Umakant Dash, Director, IRMA, Prof. Debiprasad Mishra, Director, DMI, Prof. Shankar Purbey, Associate Professor, DMI
|10.15 am - 11.15 am
||Keynote address on ‘WASH asset management - learning from community-owned initiatives’
Mr Liby T. Johnson, Executive Director, Gram Vikas
|11.15 am – 11.30 am
|11.30 pm – 12.00 pm
||ICTs for Behaviour Change Communication (BCC)
Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI
|12.00 pm – 12.30 pm
||Asset Management Implementation in Har Ghar Jal scheme
Prof. Shankar Purbey, DMI
|12.30 pm – 01.15 pm
||Role of Civil Society Organizations (CSOs) in Har Ghar Jal implementation and management
Dr. Umesh Desai, Director (WR) and CTO, AKRSP (I)
|01.15 pm - 01.30 pm
||Prof. H.K. Mishra, IRMA
Prof. Gaurav Mishra, DMI
Prof. Shankar Purbey
|1.30 pm onwards
It is mandatory to register to attend the workshop. Register Here